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More countries might want to leave the EU after Brexit Traders in EURUSD and the Euro crosses would do well to look out for any signs that other countries are thinking of … As of December 2020, the United Kingdom is the only former member state to have withdrawn from the European Union. It also has the right to propose new laws and regulations. But the larger question is why the EU should want to absorb Balkan countries at all, given its troubles over Greece. In possibly the most infamous EU instruction in recent years, traditional incandescent lightbulbs are restricted in favour of low-energy alternatives, which many people feel do not offer the same level of illumination. Britain's decision to leave the EU is a severe blow to the organization on many levels. Britain’s departure could have ripple effects throughout Europe, too. EU members have agreed to increase the share of their electricity generated from “renewable” sources. The EU wants to grow even bigger. Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union states that "Any Member State may decide to withdraw from the Union in accordance with its own constitutional requirements". Only one country has ever left the European Union: Greenland. EU-wide consent is needed for any changes, which is why George Osborne needs European permission to reduce VAT on tampons and sanitary towels. In 2010, the UK government estimated that about 50 per cent of UK legislation with “significant economic impact” originates from EU legislation. The expected recession in many countries could trigger a … VAT must be at least 15 per cent but can be cut to 5 per cent on certain specified items. A total of 59 per cent of Italians have a positive view of the EU, while 39 per cent see it in a … This has spawned a new industry disposing of Britain's old fridges, and irritated a lot of householders. It employs around 23,000 officials. Withdrawal from the European Union is the legal and political process whereby an EU member state ceases to be a member of the Union. Despite the survey's results, public opinion polls in the U.K. remain tight between those who want to leave the EU and those that want it to remain within the 28-country political and economic bloc. This video content is no longer available, To watch The Telegraph's latest video content please visit, vacuum cleaners with the most powerful motors (1,600 watts and above) are banned. The biggest reason why people vote to leave the EU was their belief that the UK should be a self-governing entity. They do not wish to lose the UK’s influence in steering policy in the EU. Core 1 states are extremely unlikely to leave the EU. The EU is not a country but it has no fewer than five presidents. Wondering where all those wind turbines come from? The Treasury says around £6 billion comes back to the UK in subsidies and grants, meaning our net EU payments are worth a little over £100 per head. We rely on advertising to help fund our award-winning journalism. The European Commission wants much less rubbish to go to landfill, and its Landfill Directive sets tough targets for councils. The EU wants to “harmonise” the rate of VAT and the goods to which it applies. Some of your taxes go the European Union. But I sincerely hope that my British friends, former colleagues, and relations in Ireland vote to leave the European Union in the so-called "Brexit" vote on Thursday. The survey of 28,720 people in the EU’s 28 countries found that 60 per cent of people want the UK to stay in the EU – compared to just 10 per cent who want it to leave. [11] There are three net contributors and 24 net takers in the EU. In the 12 months ending in September 2015, an estimated 257,000 EU nationals arrived in the UK. They crossed the line after moving from an economic union to a political subordinate of Europe. The meeting engages in discussions regarding the specific arrangements for the withdrawal and a framework for the country’s future relations with the EU. Our courts would have the final say over those laws. Why did it leave and are there any lessons for the UK as it wrestles with its own divorce from Europe? When Britain joined the EEC in 1972, Parliament … The red passport replaced the old blue document in 1988. As of 2018, five countries currently are candidates to join the EU, if they can make it through the accession process, including Albania, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Turkey. We urge you to turn off your ad blocker for The Telegraph website so that you can continue to access our quality content in the future. Britain is outvoted more often than any other country. Which countries have left the EU before? The EU red tape doesn't always bring results. Some, but not all, of that money comes back to Britain in subsidies to farmers, grants to universities and so on. Article 50 stipulates that the European Council members r… Economically, the country has struggled since then and some politicians have even floated the idea of returning [source: Phillips ]. Before the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Directive came in, you could dispose of your fridge in your local landfill to be destroyed by a giant metal crusher. 14. As a territory of Denmark, Greenland was compelled to join the EU when Denmark did. Business For Britain, a pro-Leave group, reckons 65 per cent of new British laws are made in Brussels. But there are ten much bigger reasons. In cash terms, Britain is the second biggest contributor to the EU budget after Germany. Under an EU regulation that took effect in 2014, vacuum cleaners with the most powerful motors (1,600 watts and above) are banned. Brussels, of course. When Britain joined the EEC in 1972, Parliament accepted that European law could have primacy over UK law. The Vote Leave campaign says the U.K. … One aspect of the EU is to get rid of national identity, to create a U.S. of Europe. Now Britain may not be part of that discussion. The Office for National Statistics estimates that there are more than 2 million EU nationals working in the UK. As a result, the UK Government imposes heavy fines on councils for landfill use, adding to council tax bills and encouraging the proliferation of different household bins. They do not want to be merged into a blended whole. The exit index also allows us to define ’cores of Europe’. But in 1982, once that island had gained more autonomy, residents voted to leave the EU, wanting more control over their fisheries. Sixty per cent of those surveyed wanted the UK to stay in the EU, compared to just ten per cent that wanted the country to leave. The EU made trade with Europe much easierfor the US, and it also made it easier to ask Europe for geopolitical help. Iceland applied for membership in 2009, but negotiations to join were put on hold in 2013 by a new Icelandic government opposed to EU membership [source: Archick ]. Thanks to the digital and telecommunications … Brussels simply went too far. The withdrawing country must notify the European Council in writing. Italy. Information about the device's operating system, Information about other identifiers assigned to the device, The IP address from which the device accesses a client's website or mobile application, Information about the user's activity on that device, including web pages and mobile apps visited or used, Information about the geographic location of the device when it accesses a website or mobile application. "After Brexit, you cannot imagine that another country would leave the EU, especially a founding country." The process of leaving the European Union commences with the invocation of Article 50 which outlines the terms of a country’s withdrawal. The House of Commons Library says that between 1993 and 2014, a total of 231 Acts of Parliament were passed because of EU membership, 24 per cent of the total. When Britain voted to leave the European Union in June of this year, it took us all by surprise. In 2015, our gross contribution was almost £18 billion, but a budget “rebate” won my Margaret Thatcher in 1984 reduced that to £13 billion, around £200 per person in Britain. Jeroen Dijsselbloem is president of the Eurogroup of countries using the single currency. Local councils’ drive to get you to recycle more of your rubbish is partly driven by the EU. The EU has a say in how you dispose of white goods through Directive 2012/19/EU. The Commission says there's no prospect of any new members before 2020; many European politicians believe Turkey will never qualify, though both sides say they are committed to its entry. Sir James Dyson, the British industrialist, says the efficiency rules were skewed to favour German vacuums over his products. But now fridges are deemed hazardrous, so have to be disposed of safely in special closed units ("approved authorised treatment facilities"). Jean Claude Juncker is president of the European Commission. In 2011, a think-tank estimated that more than 10,000 Commission staff were paid more than £70,000. The “right of free movement” has allowed hundreds of thousands of Europeans to live and work in Britain. That means countries can be outvoted, forced to accept decisions with which they disagree. Your passport is red because Britain is in the EU, and EU members have standardised their passports, and agreed that “European Union” is the first thing written on the cover. That law is ultimately overseen by the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg. EU members must allow all EU citizens to enter their country and work without restrictions. In 2013, it spent almost €15 billion (£11.8 billion) on foreign aid, almost exactly as much as the UK Government. "Poor economic performance and inconsistent handling of the migration crisis have driven majorities in many countries — including Franc… 'Leave Means Leave' is a pro-Brexit campaign, holding a series of rallies and events across the United Kingdom. The EU’s common fisheries policy attempts to manage and share EU fish stocks by giving each nations’ fishermen quotas for what they can catch. This “travelling circus” is widely regarded as being hugely wasteful: the Conservative Party has estimated the cost at £130 million a year. Well, let’s imagine European countries are apartments in a flat. EU single market rules discourage governments from giving financial support to private companies, to make sure “national champions” do not have a commercial advantage over rivals. The EU’s attitude to the Brexit negotiations more than justifies our decision to leave. Those rules meant that ministers couldn’t directly bail out Tata Steel’s UK plants. How much? Mario Draghi is president of the European Central Bank. [9] The population of the EU was around 500 million at the time of the referendum [10] while the population of the world was 7.4 billion. The answer is quite simple and it is not because they love us. A significant number of Europeans, even those who support Euroskeptic parties, appreciate the freedom of movement allowed by E.U. Britain is not my country. Freedom to work and live between the UK and the EU also comes to an end, and in 2021, UK nationals will need a visa if they want to stay in the EU more than 90 days in a 180-day period. People listen to speakers at the 'Leave Means Leave' rally on Oct. 15, 2018, in Bournemouth, England. The European Commission is more than the EU's civil service. In 1962, Algeria became independent from France and thus left the EEC. Which?, a consumer group, says it prohibits some of the best machines currently being made. People did not want their country to be accountable to a supranational body’s rules and regulations, according to a surveyof 12,369 voters conducted on the day of the referendum by Lord Ashcroft. In 2015, net immigration to the UK from other EU countries was approximately 172,000, compared to 191,000 from non-EU countries. Weird & Wacky, Copyright © 2021 HowStuffWorks, a division of InfoSpace Holdings, LLC, a System1 Company. The big countries, especially Germany and France, tend to dominate the EU politically, often agreeing decisions between each other before including others, leading to problems of legitimacy and resentment from other countries. On receiving the notice, the council arranges a meeting with the state intending to exit the EU. Though, if we’re talking about the EEC, then at least three countries have left. Instead of talking to dozens of different countries, American officials could go to the EU and negotiate with a large chunk of the continent. 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The areas where Britain was most often outvoted included the EU budget and EU foreign and security policy. After a couple of more serious years long fist-fights with huge casualties, residents decided to … rules and the ability to live in other countries. One, the EU is a fundamentally protectionist trading bloc . Martin Schulz is president of the European Parliament. The EU has a common trade policy, which prevents Britain from negotiating its own free trade agreements. The EU has its own foreign aid programme to give away your money. Now, six more countries want to hold referendums to exit the EU; France, the Netherlands, Italy, Austria, Finland, and Hungary all could leave. It is, of course, that root of all evil – Money. The residents used to enter fist-fights often, invaded each other’s floors and stole and destroyed property in the process. Critics say that forces up prices for consumers, forces fishermen to dump millions of dead fish back in the sea, and decimates national fishing fleets. Some British laws are passed and implemented because of decisions made at an EU level. Every month, the European Parliament – hundreds of MEPs, their staff, translators and other officials, 10,000 people in all – moves from Brussels to Strasbourg, where it sits for just four days. The Remain campaign, on the other hand, argues that leaving the EU (and its common market, in which Britain can sell goods to all EU states under favorable terms) would wreck the British economy… Remember when you came back from holiday and there was an entry lane marked UK PASSPORT HOLDERS? First, some member states, notably the Scandinavian states and Holland, support the relatively liberal market-oriented economic policies which Britain has successfully championed within the EU and are opposed to the federalist inclinations of other member states. No matter that countries like their national identity. The object of these rules is harmonization. The future is about interconnection, not isolation. You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website. The European Commission says the ban will save energy and encourage more efficient devices. It’s not there any more because EU rules oblige members to treat all EU nationals in the same way, so Britons have to queue up with their fellow Europeans when they want to come back into their own country. We also share information about your use of our site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners who may combine it with other information that you’ve provided to them or that they’ve collected from your use of their services. EU COST The EU costs a total of £1,000 billion a year – an incredible £2,000 per year for every man, … “More than 50% of our exports go to EU countries,” said Sky News during the campaign, and membership meant we had a say over how trading rules were drawn up. If we understand these dimensions as necessary conditions, where countries only leave the EU if ‘doing well’ across all three, no other member state faces a comparable risk of leaving the EU. We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. The court’s power has grown steadily, and the Lisbon Treaty gave it power over 135 areas of criminal justice policy; Britain has opted out of all but 35 of those measures, but participates in the European Arrest Warrant scheme, which gives the court the right to order EU nationals (including Britons) be extradited to face trial elsewhere in the EU. The vast majority of EU voters want Britain to stay in the EU, a poll of 28,720 people in 28 EU countries has found. By contrast, France was on the losing side of less than 1 per cent of votes. There are five official candidate countries: Turkey, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Albania. By 2020, Britain is supposed to get 15 per cent of its power this way and could in theory face legal action if that target is missed. They wrote a report last year calling for much greater integration of the euro countries, another step on the road to a superstate. To get in, each has to adopt all EU rules and political standards, then “accession” has to be approved by the leaders and parliaments of every EU member. None but the UK. Donald Tusk is president of the European Council, the group comprised of EU heads of state and government. I ask this question: Why do so many in the EU want to make it so difficult, long drawn out and downright expensive for the UK to leave the EU? 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