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In 2016 there was still 23.6% of the population living below the national poverty line,  with an average net salary of 2108 RON (the equivalent to 667 USD). Authorities suspect that an organised criminal group (OCG) was formed in Romania in 2013 for the express purpose of committing the crimes of human trafficking, ongoing pimping and money laundering. The Eurostat 2015 report notes that Romania was one of the top five countries of origin for victims of human trafficking in the EU, as registered by organizations (governmental and nongovernmental) throughout the bloc. However, structural changes normally occur at a very slow rate and processes of social change take time to develop. Romania remains a primary source country for sex trafficking and labor trafficking victims in Europe. Construct a trafficking shelter for repatriated victims in Bucharest Improve efforts to identify potential victims among Romanian men, women, and children are subjected to labor trafficking in agriculture, construction, hotels, manufacturing, and domestic service, as well as forced begging and theft in Romania and other European countries. 49/2011 for the approval of the Framework Methodology on the Prevention and Intervention through Multidisciplinary Teams and Networking in Child Violence and Domestic Violence situations, and for the approval of the Multidisciplinary and Interinstitutional Intervention Methodology on Exploited Children or in a risk situation of being trafficked for forced labor, children victims of trafficking in human beings, as well as Romanian migrant children, victims of other forms of violence on the territory of other states. Estimates from the International Labor organization (ILO) show that profits from human trafficking reach 150 billion US dollars every year and affect over 20.9 million victims. In the same period, DIICOT investigated and dismissed other 4,329 would-be human trafficking files. Romania is a significant source of sex and labor trafficking victims throughout Europe. For example, many sex workers are afraid of asking help from authorities because the activity they are involved in is However, unlike in other countries or regions, victims are not abducted or kidnapped. Last year, In Romania were only 675 new cases of human trafficking, less than previous years, and prosecutors prosecuted 362 trafficking suspects, less than in 2016 and 2015. This article has multiple issues. Once abroad, victims are deprived of their freedom and forced into prostitution, pornography or other contemporary forms of slavery. There, traffickers have a keen eye for those made vulnerable by their desperation to leave, making the girls ideal victims. Law no. v There are an estimated 100,000 homeless children throughout Eastern Europe, including 2,000 in Romania. Romanian men, women, and children are subjected to labor trafficking in agriculture, construction, hotels, manufacturing, and domestic service, as well as forced begging and theft in Romania and other European countries. Romania is a destination country for a limited number of foreign trafficking victims, including sex trafficking victims from Italy and Armenia. Romania remains a primary source country for sex trafficking and labor trafficking victims in Europe. Human Trafficking in Romania. Human trafficking unquestionably impinges on human rights and fundamental freedoms. The European Commission Eurostat Trafficking in human beings 2013. 1. On a nondescript street in the capital of Romania, my colleague and I duck into a small, unmarked doorway and make our way up four narrow flights of stairs. Any individual can become a victim, although young women and children are the most vulnerable. In subway stations in the capital of Romania, a poster warns people about human trafficking. OCCRP visits Tudor Viola, a human trafficker who describes in his own words how he brought Romanian women to the streets of Spain. [1] Source: DCCO (Directorate for Combating Organized Crime), 2018. In worst case scenarios, these psychological consequences can lead victims to suicide or other self-destructive behaviour, such as substance or alcohol abuse, and that is why victims need to receive psychological support and assistance as soon as possible, on a regular basis. 678/2001 on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings, as subsequently amended and supplemented; Law no. Human trafficking is a very complex problem and the efforts of governments are not sufficient as they cannot reach all victims and potential victims. 286/2009 on the Criminal Code of Romania; Law no. Sixteen searches were carried out in the UK and four in Romania, yielding cash, luxury cars and cocaine. Government officials have been convicted of human trafficking crimes, and there have been reports of local officials obstructing trafficking investigations. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages) This article is based partially or entirely on public domain works of the U.S. government, and thus may require cleanup. In order to limit the scale of this phenomenon, the Romanian Government has given significant importance to human trafficking for over 15 years, adopting the necessary institutional and legislative framework and setting standards for assistance to victims of trafficking and prosecuting traffickers by adapting its working tools and developing mechanisms that address the TIP phenomenon at national, … Despite its enormous potential and proud history, Romania is a country with significant human trafficking activity, which has a devastating impact on society. [4] The normative acts on the basis of which the persons accused of trafficking in persons have been convicted are: the Criminal Code of Romania, art. The number of human trafficking cases is continuously growing in the EU. According to Trafficking in Persons Report 2020, the Government of Romania does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. 1238/2007 for the approval of National Specific Standards for specialized services for the assistance and protection of victims of trafficking in human beings; Order of the Minister of Interior and Administrative Reform, Minister of Labor, Family and Equal Opportunities, Minister of Education, Research and Youth, Minister of Public Health, President of the National Authority for the Protection of Child's Rights, of the General Prosecutor of The Court of Cassation and Justice and the of Minister of Justice no. 299/2003 for the approval of the Regulation for the application of the provisions of Law no. funding for trafficking victim assistance programs; like NGOs Improve quality of victim services ensuring psychological care, rehab. Many agents and sub-organizations, both in the public and private sphere are involved. Human trafficking in Romania Last updated September 26, 2019. As most of the victims of human trafficking come from less developed areas and usually have lower levels of education, they are not familiar with how human trafficking networks operate and are vulnerable to traffickers. This place is also home to prominent inventors, scientists (insulin, without which many humans would not be able to survive, was discovered by the Romanian-born doctor Paulescu! 617/2004 on the establishment and organization of the National Steering Committee for the Prevention and Combating of the Exploitation of Child Labor; Government Decision no. Romania is also home to the second largest building in the world after the Pentagon, Parliament Palace. Law no. In many cases, victims struggle to reintegrate in society, not only because of the post-traumatic conditions that they endure, but also because human trafficking and sexual exploitation can still be a taboo issue in many places, leaving victims haunted by prejudice and mistrust. The Romanian suspect is alleged to have participated in trafficking in persons, ongoing pimping and money laundering. Recently the case of the Romanian fifteen-year-old Alexandra Macesanu went around the international press. Romania is also known for its breathtaking landscapes, gothic churches, majestic castles and beautiful medieval towns that make one feel like being in a classic fairy tale. Law in Romania forbids any kind of sale of persons; however, these laws are far from stopping human trafficking. In addition, those coming from less developed countries, conflict-affected areas and poor surroundings are in greater danger of falling victim to human trafficking. The fight against human trafficking, as well as many other forms of transnational organized crime, is extremely difficult. Additionally, Romania is one of the countries within the EU with the highest levels of corruption (only surpassed by Bulgaria), which makes it even more difficult to combat human trafficking, as politicians, workers of the judiciary system and security forces can occasionally omit their duties and collaborate with human trafficking networks in order to receive lucrative benefits. [3] Source: CSM (The Superior Council of Magistracy), 2018. Nationality of victims: Most victims throughout the EU were from Romania and Bulgaria. Human Trafficking in Romania - Trade & Aid Group Project Romania is a significant source of sex and labor trafficking victims throughout Europe. Romania has one of the highest economic growth rates in the EU, but it also has one of the bloc's highest rates of poverty. She said: “Our girls keep going back and forth to the UK. 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